Domestic violence is any behaviour of which the purpose is to gain power and control over a spouse, partner, girl/boyfriend or intimate family member. Domestic violence does not always mean physical violence. There are various forms domestic violence physical, emotional, verbal, sexual. It differs with households, individuals and situations. Any woman, children, regardless of ethnicity, religion, class, age or lifestyle can face domestic violence.

Domestic violence, as an umbrella term includes the following:

  • Verbal Attacks
  • Hitting with objects
  • Punching
  • Kicking
  • Pushing / shoving
  • Pulling of hair
  • Sexual abuse
  • Beating / slapping
  • Coerced sexual intercourse
  • Unnatural sexual acts
  • Constant demands for dowry
  • Insults regarding inability to bear a child
  • Taunts regarding preference for son
  • Taunts on looks / culinary skills / character
  • Threats of violence
  • Threats of desertion
  • Ridicule

Economic or financial hardships suffered by women can also be considered as domestic violence:

  • Failure of husband to provide for his wife
  • Failure of son to provide for his mother
  • Disallowing a wife to work
  • Putting undue restriction on wife and children
  • Forcing wife / mother / daughter-in-law to hand over her earnings
  • A male driving his wife / sister / daughter / partner out of the house

The National Commission for Women (NCW), State Women’s Commission, National Human Rights Commission ( NHRC), Crime against women’s’ cell, special cells for women and children, Non-governmental organizations, NGOs are various voluntary organizations that support women against domestic violence.

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